Athens is the cradle of man’s history and has many national monuments which represent the artistic, religious, and cultural knowledge we had three thousand years ago. There have been many famous knowledgeable men who have contributed to world knowledge, who came from Greece. One such man was Daedalus, the grandson of King Erechtheus. This was a man who had a great knowledge of many areas, just as Da Vinci did many centuries later. Daedalus was an inventor, an artist and an architect.
The Athens Apprentice Proved even Greater than Daedalus
Due to his many commitments he took an apprentice, the son of his sister Perdix, whose name was Talos. Daedalus soon feared that this new apprentice would become even greater than himself. It was Talos who invented the compass and the potters wheel. Other items that Talos invented were the toothed saw. However Daedalus could not contain his jealousy and murdered the young man by throwing him from the walls of the Acropolis.
It is said that Athena turned Talos into a partridge. Talos’s mother was devastated, and committed suicide. In remembrance, the Athenians built a small shrine. Daedalus was tried for his crime and was banished from the city.
Daedalus Flees to Crete
He wandered to Crete and the court of King Minos where he also became famous for building the wooden cow for the queen. He is also said to have built the Labyrinth that held the Minotaur. In the end he invented his own wings to carry him away from Crete with Ikarus.
Some historical scholars say that Daedalus was never an Athenian, but the citizens of Athens, so wanted such an intelligent man to be a part of Athens that they created his birth story and made him a son of Erechtheus.
**Related Article: Daedalos in Athens and Crete